Parapsychology and experimental psychology

I recently read a book entitled “Parapsychology and Experimental Psychology” by the Russian psychologist V.N. Pushkin. Here I want to give a brief overview of the content.

This book discusses several phenomena that are considered para-psychological or paramedical. According to some authors, parapsychology is the science of that part of nature for which human knowledge is not enough. For other authors, it is just a euphemism for something apparent and false.

One gets the impression that the author wrote this book with two goals. The first is related to exposing the theoretical weaknesses of parapsychology as a closed system opposed to the natural sciences. The second is related to the effort to introduce into the system of natural sciences those unusual phenomena that parapsychology has at its disposal.

In the first part of the book, the author attempts to study the roots of certain misunderstandings or prejudices that made it difficult or impossible to include para-psychological phenomena in natural – scientific research. At the same time, he tries to outline a theoretical framework for the research of para-psychological phenomena, to indicate their objective basis, that is, the energy substrate of some, if not all, para-psychological phenomena.

In order to establish a broad basis for researching various aspects of psycho-energetic phenomena, the author refers to the principles of holographic psycho-physics, acupuncture and electropuncture. The mere fact of the existence of resonance in brain processes is not enough to prove the holographic nature of human representations and thoughts. Knowledge of the laws of acupuncture can be used to learn about some para-psychological phenomena (for example, telekinesis). But as a method of treating various diseases, it must be used in combination with other methods.

As the author himself says, only the symptoms of the disease are treated with acupuncture. What would be the meaning of the treatment if the way of living of a sick person does not change, that is if the cause of his illness is not removed?

That specific moment of subjective experience, which represents the most significant property of psychic life, comes to the fore primarily in relation to human needs. The satisfaction or non-satisfaction of needs creates the feelings ie. the emotions. Emotional processes play a major role in regulating human behavior. On the one hand, emotions in a specific way create tension that prompts the subject to act to satisfy needs. On the other hand, the emotions that arise in the very process of satisfying needs support that process.

In the case of long-term unsatisfactory of needs, frustrations arise that can turn into psychoneuroses. Neuroses, as disorders of mental health, lead to an energy imbalance in the cerebral cortex. According to Pushkin, people who possess para-psychological traits usually have neurotic traits. It is also mentioned that most patients with damage to the basal – occipital parts of the hemispheres of the cerebral cortex, in addition to other symptoms, have telepathic abilities. It is no coincidence that the example of Roza Kuleseva, who was suffering from epilepsy, is described.

After reading this book, the question arises: are R.Kuleseva, N.Kulagina, B.Yermolajev and others like them who possess parapsychological abilities, sick or just different from others?

It is undeniable the fact that the physiology of the human brain is not sufficiently studied, as well as the fact that we use only a small part of the possibilities of our brain. Will it be many thousands of years before we can use the full capabilities of the brain, or will it always be an enigma?

From the research he did, the author came to the conclusion that psychokinesis can be learned. If this is so, then why did man during his evolutionary development develop hands as special parts of the body with which he can move various objects, and did not develop those parts of the brain that enable telekinesis? If we have to move a piece of glass with sharp edges, the possibility of injury is very high. But if we do it with our psychokinetic ability, it would certainly be much safer.

In fact, why nowadays scientists who know all this, decide to offer us the remote control and not some mental technique with the same purpose?

Unfortunately, we cannot find the answer to such questions in this book!

Author: Rozeta Paskali